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The Persian lime is one of the major exports of Mexico. It is one of a kind of seedless lemon, lime close relative. Fresh juice helps flavoring food. It is widely used in the preparation of meat and seafood, in cold drinks, mixed alcoholic beverages, making cakes, jams, jellies, ice cream and preserves, as well as food preservation. The peel essential oil is extracted and the pulp is used to feed livestock. The oil is used in cosmetics industry. It is well known for its medicinal properties.
The Mexican lime, as known to this species itself has little nutritional value; however, you cannot miss in the kitchen because enhances the flavor of food; it will increase its digestibility. Tasteless dishes take on new vitality adding a few drops of lemon juice.Read more
In industry, as input, you can develop the most varied products: essential oils, juices, concentrates, pectin, citric acid, crystallized peel and enzymes, among others.
The lemon tree is vigorous, upright with purple sprouting after turn green. The fruit is oval or globe, with a slightly depressed apex. The Persian limes are crowned by a short nipple-shaped scar. The pulp is seedless and its color is between green and yellow. It is juicy, sour and fragrant. The lemon peel is green with heavy or light shades, also thin, easily broken and has a bitter taste.
The Persian limes weighed, on average, 76 grams. The tree needs temperatures between 72 and 83ºF for its proper development. Requires rains of twelve hundred to two thousand millimeters per year, and if watered frequently, constantly grow and bear flowers. It grows in areas with an altitude of two hundred to nine hundred meters above sea level. The best crops are grown in loam, sandy loam, deep, with good moisture.
Planting require special care from the grower. The lemon tree should be planted in holes a foot in diameter and two feet deep. The grower has to take care that the plants remain at ground level or slightly above. If part of the stem is buried in soil, disease problems will be taken, and if the root collar is above ground, Plants can be tilted and roots are uncovered with irrigation. Have to carefully choose the distance between plants; if they are close together, competing for nutrients; if they are far apart decreases the production of lemons.
Harvesting takes place every twenty days manually, using cotton gloves and special scissors to cut the stem. To reduce losses, must be very careful in every step of the collection, which includes choosing, hold, release and manage fruit.